As far as I know, Canada is the only country that divides its population into "visible minorities" and "non-visible minorities." In this post, I describe how, and why, Canada counts people this way.
A person's visible minority status is ascertained by asking:
"Is this person....White, South Asian (e.g., East Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, etc.), Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian (e.g., Vietnamese, Cambodian, Malaysian, Laotian, etc.), West Asian (e.g., Iranian, Afghan, etc.), Korean, Japanese, Other - Specify" (Source: National Household Survey):
Respondents may choose more than one option, or provide a write-in answer. The responses are coded as follows:
- white = not visible minority
- white and West Asian, Arab, or Latin American = not visible minority
- West Asian, Arab or Latin American (as a single response) = visible minority
- any other response = visible minority