I do not have income data from the nineteenth century but I do have wealth data. The data is for 7,156 census-linked probated decedents for the years 1892 and 1902. Here is a comparison of the wealth and characteristics of the top and bottom one percent of late nineteenth century Ontario wealth holders.
Well, it turns out that in the nineteenth century, wealth elites were also more likely to be male, married, urban and older. In addition, they were not very likely to be farmers, had larger families, often foreign-born (meaning the UK), often Anglican and more literate (better educated). Not surprisingly, Ontario’s nineteenth century wealth elite was also concentrated in the Toronto area. Who says the past is not relevant when it comes to social and economic insights?